Monthly Archives: November 2018

Benefit finding in renal transplantation and its association with psychological and clinical correlates: A prospective study






CONCLUSIONS: A positive medical intervention such as renal transplantation might facilitate the development of BF. This study indicates the need for longitudinal research on the relation between BF and psychological health in the face of positive events. Statement of contribution What is already known on this subject? Benefit finding refers to the identification of positive psychological changes following a negative life event. Individuals can experience benefit finding following chronic… Continue reading

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This is an older men’s world: A qualitative study of men’s experiences with prostate cancer






CONCLUSION: Despite many positive care experiences, some patients felt that the communication, information provision and decision-making were inadequate. Vulnerable patients with severe complications or limited social support may need additional psychosocial care. Lowering the threshold for patients to ask for help and the availability of a professional with expert knowledge about prostate cancer and ageing may decrease unnecessary hardship and increase personal strengths. Continue reading

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Functioning and quality of life in Dutch oldest old with diverse levels of dependency.






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Functioning and quality of life in Dutch oldest old with diverse levels of dependency.

Patient Prefer Adherence. 2018;12:2187-2196

Authors: Botes R, Vermeulen KM, Gerber AM, Ranchor AV, Buskens E

Abstract
Background: Frequently, a questionnaire like the EQ-5D is applied to investigate elderly health-related quality of life (HRQoL), but current literature suggests that inputs that go beyond these traditional health aspects might be of importance. The capability approach is a different method, which integrates several non-health-related factors to define the well-being of the oldest old.
Objective: We propose to investigate the differences in oldest old functionings and quality of life (QoL), given different levels of dependency, using both a utility-based (EQ-5D+C) and capability-based (Currently Achieved Functioning) questionnaire.
Methods: We interviewed 99 Dutch elderly, living in the Groningen, Veendam, and Hoogeveen areas. The average age of the elderly was 80 years, who were living independently, still looking after themselves; living semi-dependently with moderate care; or living in a nursing home requiring consistent care.
Results: The utility score for the dependent group is the lowest of all three groups, across the diseases investigated in this study. The respective average utility scores calculated for the dependent, semi-dependent, and independent subgroups were 0.56 (SD ±0.10); 0.84 (SD ±0.11), and 0.69 (SD ±0.13). Mobility and pain were reported to be the major domains where problems appeared across the three groups. Additionally, dependent elderly experience deficits in the role and control functionings while the other two subgroups experience deficits in pleasure and security.
Conclusion: The results suggest that it is important to take note of the achievability of functionings and HRQoL, in addition to care dependency, to obtain QoL and well-being outcomes of the oldest old.

PMID: 30410314 [PubMed]

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A dyadic planning intervention to quit smoking in single-smoking couples: design of a randomized controlled trial.






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A dyadic planning intervention to quit smoking in single-smoking couples: design of a randomized controlled trial.
BMC Psychol. 2018 Nov 12;6(1):53
Authors: Buitenhuis AH, Tuinman MA, Hagedoorn M
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A dyadic planning intervention to quit smoking in single-smoking couples: design of a randomized controlled trial






BACKGROUND: Tobacco use is the largest preventable cause of death. Smoking cessation interventions that use implementation intentions show promising results. Implementation intentions are if-then plans that specify a certain behaviour within a situational context. This study will examine whether involving a non-smoking partner could improve planning interventions, and whether and which partner interactions underlie this effectiveness. Continue reading

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Functioning and quality of life in Dutch oldest old with diverse levels of dependency






CONCLUSION: The results suggest that it is important to take note of the achievability of functionings and HRQoL, in addition to care dependency, to obtain QoL and well-being outcomes of the oldest old. Continue reading

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Determinants of participation in voluntary work: a systematic review and meta-analysis of longitudinal cohort studies.






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Determinants of participation in voluntary work: a systematic review and meta-analysis of longitudinal cohort studies.
BMC Public Health. 2018 Nov 02;18(1):1213
Authors: Niebuur J, van Lente L, Liefbr… Continue reading

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Determinants of participation in voluntary work: a systematic review and meta-analysis of longitudinal cohort studies






CONCLUSIONS: Important key factors have been identified as well as gaps in the current literature. Future research should be directed towards deepening the knowledge on the associations between the factors age, education, income, employment and participation in voluntary work. Moreover, major life course transitions should be studied in relation to volunteering. Continue reading

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