Monthly Archives: October 2016

Memories of Parent Behaviors and Adult Attachment in Childhood Cancer Survivors






CONCLUSION: Adult childhood cancer survivors did not remember their parents as overprotective, but reported more positive parenting relative to controls; and similar adult attachment and relationship status. The results were unexpected, but offer novel insights for future prospective studies, which are necessary to better understand psychosocial late effects of childhood cancer. Continue reading

Tagged | Leave a comment

Severe fatigue in type 1 diabetes: Exploring its course, predictors and relationship with HbA<sub>1c</sub> in a prospective study






CONCLUSIONS: About three quarters of fatigued[corrected] patients with type 1 diabetes suffer from persistent fatigue. Aside from the number of diabetes complications, no clinical factors explained the persistence of fatigue. HbA(1c) and fatigue were weakly associated in a sub-analysis. Since the strongest predictors of severe fatigue were cognitive-behavioral factors, behavioral interventions might be effective in decreasing fatigue. Continue reading

Tagged | Leave a comment

Marijuana Use and Dependence in Chilean Adolescents and Its Association with Family and Peer Marijuana Use.






Marijuana Use and Dependence in Chilean Adolescents and Its Association with Family and Peer Marijuana Use.

Int J Behav Med. 2016 Oct 3;:

Authors: Lobato M, Sanderman R, Pizarro E, Hagedoorn M

Abstract
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to examine (1) whether family and peer marijuana use are independently related to adolescent marijuana use in Chile, (2) whether family and peer marijuana use are associated with adolescent marijuana dependence in adolescents using marijuana, and (3) whether the adolescent’s age moderates the association between family or peer use and adolescent marijuana use and/or dependence.
METHOD: This study used data from the National Survey on Drug Use in the General Population in Chile (a cross-sectional observational study), which was conducted in 2008 and 2010 in 4413 adolescents aged 12-19. Adolescents answered questions about their past-year marijuana use and dependence (ICD-10 criteria) and the marijuana use of their family and peers. Logistic regressions were performed while controlling for confounders.
RESULTS: Adolescents who had a family member who used marijuana were five times more likely to use the drug. Adolescents with a close friend who used marijuana were eight times more likely to use marijuana. When adolescents were using marijuana, they were three times more likely to be dependent if they had a family member who used the drug. However, no significant relationship was found between peer use and dependence. No statistically significant interactions were found between family or peer use and age.
CONCLUSION: Family and peer marijuana use was independently associated with adolescent’s past-year marijuana use; however, only family marijuana use was statistically associated with adolescent’s marijuana dependence.

PMID: 27699626 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

Continue reading

Posted in Int J Behav Med | Tagged | Leave a comment

Marijuana Use and Dependence in Chilean Adolescents and Its Association with Family and Peer Marijuana Use






CONCLUSION: Family and peer marijuana use was independently associated with adolescent’s past-year marijuana use; however, only family marijuana use was statistically associated with adolescent’s marijuana dependence. Continue reading

Tagged | Leave a comment