Monthly Archives: June 2015

Great expectations? Pre-transplant quality of life expectations and distress after kidney transplantation: a prospective study.






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Great expectations? Pre-transplant quality of life expectations and distress after kidney transplantation: a prospective study.

Br J Health Psychol. 2014 Nov;19(4):823-38

Authors: Schulz T, Niesing J, Homan van der Heide JJ, Westerhuis R, Ploeg RJ, Ranchor AV

Abstract
OBJECTIVES: Previous research suggests that prior to kidney transplantation, patients overestimate their post-transplant quality of life (QoL). The current study aimed to corroborate these findings, identify determinants of QoL overestimation, examine its association with subsequent distress, and clarify the role of optimism.
DESIGN: Prospective observational study.
METHODS: Physical, psychological, and social QoL expectations, actual QoL, and distress (GHQ-12) of participants (56% male) were prospectively assessed before (T0; n = 228) and 3 (T1; n = 149), 6 (T2; n = 146), and 12 (T3; n = 114) months after successful transplantation.
RESULTS: Patients who were treated with haemodialysis before transplantation reported greater physical QoL overestimation than those who received treatment with peritoneal dialysis. Neither physical nor social QoL overestimation at T1 was prospectively associated with increased distress at T2 or T3. The interaction between optimism and social QoL overestimation at T1 (β = -.56, p < .001) for distress at T2 was significant, with patients low in optimism experiencing more distress after QoL overestimation.
CONCLUSIONS: QoL overestimation is not associated with subsequent distress. Findings suggest that patients low in optimism are more vulnerable to distress following QoL overestimation.
STATEMENT OF CONTRIBUTION: What is already known on this subject? Kidney transplantation improves patients’ quality of life. Prior to kidney transplantation, patients overestimate the scale of this improvement. What does this study add? Quality of life overestimation is not associated with subsequent distress. When optimism is low, kidney transplant recipients experience higher distress following quality of life overestimation.

PMID: 24330416 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]

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Keeping up appearances: the role of identity concealment in the workplace among adults with degenerative eye conditions and its relationship with wellbeing and career outcomes.






Keeping up appearances: the role of identity concealment in the workplace among adults with degenerative eye conditions and its relationship with wellbeing and career outcomes.
Disabil Rehabil. 2015 Jun 16;:1-10
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A randomized controlled trial of an Internet-based cognitive-behavioural intervention for non-specific chronic pain: an effectiveness and cost-effectiveness study.






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A randomized controlled trial of an Internet-based cognitive-behavioural intervention for non-specific chronic pain: an effectiveness and cost-effectiveness study.
Eur J Pain. 2014 Nov;18(10):1440-51
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A web-based cognitive behaviour therapy for chronic fatigue in type 1 diabetes (Dia-Fit): study protocol for a randomised controlled trial.






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A web-based cognitive behaviour therapy for chronic fatigue in type 1 diabetes (Dia-Fit): study protocol for a randomised controlled trial.
Trials. 2015 Jun 6;16(1):262
Authors: Menting J, Nikolaus S,… Continue reading

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A web-based cognitive behaviour therapy for chronic fatigue in type 1 diabetes (Dia-Fit): study protocol for a randomised controlled trial.






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A web-based cognitive behaviour therapy for chronic fatigue in type 1 diabetes (Dia-Fit): study protocol for a randomised controlled trial.
Trials. 2015 Jun 6;16(1):262
Authors: Menting J, Nikolaus S,… Continue reading

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Do individuals with and without depression value depression differently? And if so, why?






Do individuals with and without depression value depression differently? And if so, why?

Qual Life Res. 2015 Jun 3;

Authors: Papageorgiou K, Vermeulen KM, Schroevers MJ, Stiggelbout AM, Buskens E, Krabbe PF, van den Heuvel E, Ranchor AV

Abstract
PURPOSE: Health state valuations, used to evaluate the effectiveness of healthcare interventions, can be obtained either by the patients or by the general population. The general population seems to value somatic conditions more negatively than patients, but little is known about valuations of psychological conditions. This study examined whether individuals with and without depression differ in their valuations of depression and whether perceptions regarding depression (empathy, perceived susceptibility, stigma, illness perceptions) and individual characteristics (mastery, self-compassion, dysfunctional attitudes) bias valuations of either individuals with or without depression.
METHODS: In an online study, a general population sample used a time-trade-off task to value 30 vignettes describing depression states (four per participant) and completed questionnaires on perceptions regarding depression and individual characteristics. Participants were assigned to depression groups (with or without depression), based on the PHQ-9. A generalized linear mixed model was used to assess discrepancies in valuations and identify their determinants.
RESULTS: The sample (N = 1268) was representative of the Dutch population on age, gender, education and residence. We found that for mild depression states, individuals with depression (N = 200) valued depression more negatively than individuals without depression (N = 1068) (p = .007). Variables related to perceptions of depression and individual characteristics were not found to affect valuations of either individuals with or individuals without depression.
CONCLUSION: Since the general population values depression less negatively, using their perspective might result in less effectiveness for interventions for mild depression. Perceptions of depression or to individual characteristics did not seem to differentially affect valuations made by either individuals with or without depression.

PMID: 26038219 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

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Opinions of Dutch liver transplant recipients on anonymity of organ donation and direct contact with the donors family.






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Opinions of Dutch liver transplant recipients on anonymity of organ donation and direct contact with the donors family.
Transplantation. 2015 Apr;99(4):879-84
Authors: Annema C, Op den Dries S, van d… Continue reading

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